现代世界博物馆


展览在此展区结束,展示着自然历史博物馆所珍藏的独特宝藏。世界各地研究人员对这些样本进行积极研究,从而帮助我们应对今天地球所面临的最大挑战。从预测和减轻气候变化的影响,到管理自然资源,这些收藏中所包含的神秘历史就是开启未来潜能的钥匙。
 
Highlights 
贾达尔石
贾达尔石
塞尔维亚
 
超人要小心了,超人归来中的公式表明,这种矿物和虚构矿物氪星石高度匹配。地质学家于2006年发现贾达尔石,自然历史博物馆的科学家分析发现,其构成是氢氧化钠锂硼硅酸盐。而将超人的英雄能力耗光唯一缺少的就是氟。
大闪蝶
大闪蝶
哥伦比亚和巴拿马

这些蝴蝶翅膀的鲜亮色彩是由微小的透明鳞片产生。当光线照射在这些鳞片上时会被分散,从而产生各种干涉图形,也就是我们所看到的颜色。和大多数物体通过染料和色素产生的色彩不同,这种结构颜色永不褪色。自然历史博物馆的科学家们正在实验室中培养带有这一属性的蝴蝶翅膀——以期重新创造结构颜色,从而生产着色方式更加环保的产品。

Latrobe gold nugget, Australia
Latrobe gold nugget
Australia
  

Incredibly rare and fine, this 717-gramme gold nugget still has its individual crystals intact. It is formed from gold cubes and octahedrons, some more than a centimetre across. Since gold is soft and erodes easily, a nugget preserving its crystalline structure is a superb find. The discovery came at the McIvor mine in Australia during a visit from Charles Joseph Latrobe, the Governor of the State of Victoria, so it is named after him.
Neanderthal genome
Neanderthal genome

   


How do modern humans differ from our closest ancient relatives, the Neanderthals? Scientists have replicated the complete genome of a female Neanderthal, which is more than 99 per cent identical to that of modern humans. However, it suggests her parents were closely related and that inbreeding was common among Neanderthals. The DNA also shows that after our evolutionary path diverged from that of the Neanderthals, human genes relating to brain function, the nervous system and language may have subtly changed. 

Sample donated by Max Planck Institute, Leipzig, Germany.