探索自然的宝藏

Treasures of exploration
The third gallery of Treasures of the Natural World tells the stories of those who not only had a brilliant mind, but a brave heart and daring spirit. From Captain James Cook’s first voyage to Australia and New Zealand to Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition to reach the South Pole and HMS Challenger’s 1872 exploration of the deep oceans. Each expedition yielded vital scientific evidence which was only attainable because these explorers dared to be pioneers. These inspiring stories of human endeavor adventure take place across vast oceans and remote lands. Leading to great discoveries in biology, oceanography and geology and vivid first-hand accounts and imagery of surprising new species, but ultimately a showcase of human endeavor and heart.
Highlights 
南极木化石

南极木化石

碳化木
南极洲
石炭纪/三叠纪时期,大约3.23亿至2.01亿年前

采集于罗伯特·弗尔肯·斯科特第二次远征和最终的悲剧式特若·诺瓦远征,这块木化石意义重大。它是南极洲曾经拥有森林,并且这块大陆的气候曾经远比今天温暖的最早证据之一。
帝企鹅幼崽皮

帝企鹅幼崽皮

南极洲


这是最早研究的三个帝企鹅幼崽中的一个,由罗伯特 弗尔肯 斯科特的发现科考队在1902年采集。这个幼崽的发育阶段表明,帝企鹅在南极洲黑暗而严寒的冬季产卵。在特若·诺瓦之旅中,斯科特曾打算采集企鹅蛋用于进一步调查。

Southern Cassowary, UK

Southern Cassowary

Walter Rothschild was fascinated by the southern cassowary, a large flightless bird found in Australia and New Guinea. He kept a number of live specimens at the family home, Tring Park in Hertfordshire, and had them prepared as taxidermy when they died. Although Rothschild thought the birds’ different coloured markings indicated many species, we now know there are only three.
HMS Challenger expedition

 
HMS Challenger expedition

With corals, samples and slides, these specimens represent the first major scientific investigation of the oceans. HMS Challenger left British shores in 1872 for a three-and-a-half-year voyage around the world, criss-crossing the oceans, from South America to the Cape of Good Hope, Antarctica to Australia, the Fiji Islands and Japan.

The wealth of evidence the expedition brought back evolutionized our knowledge of the deep sea at the time.


Microfossil Christmas card

 
Microfossil Christmas card 

Painstakingly created from microfossils by Arthur Earland (1866–1958), this slide spells out a Christmas greeting to his colleague Edward Heron-Allen (1861–1943). It reads ‘A.E. Xmas 1912’. Both men were micro palaeontologists at the Natural History Museum. They collaborated for 25 years and were responsible for analysing the foraminifera – small single-celled organisms – collected during Scott’s Terra Nova expedition to Antarctica.