智慧的瑰宝


在第二展区,了解无价宝藏是如何启发科学家们解开地球的一些最大谜团的。 在过去三个世纪中,有识之士们树立了基本的科学准则,成为理解自然界的基石。这些人提出问题、打破界限并真正挑战科学家定义和理解我们星球及其生命的方式。

这个展区展出了查尔斯 达尔文《物种起源》的一页手稿,这本书是人类历史上最具影响力的书籍之一。
 

Darwin’s On the Origin of Species manuscript
Darwin’s On the Origin of Species Manuscript
Around 1858–1859
 

 

On the Origin of Species is one of the most influential books ever written. This draft page, handwritten by Charles Darwin, comes from the chapter on instinct. Darwin finally published his book in 1859 after refining his ideas for 20 years. He knew it would be controversial to suggest that species evolved gradually and naturally, without the intervention of a divine authority, but the first edition was instantly sold out.

Beetles collected by Alfred Russel Wallace
Beetles collected by Alfred Russel Wallace
Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia 
 

While Alfred Russel Wallace was exploring the Molucca islands in Indonesia, he first formulated the concept of natural selection, the same mechanism that Charles Darwin had realised was key to evolution. One of Wallace’s inspirations was the incredible range of beetles he found in the region – 83,200 of which he collected. Here are just a few from his findings in the Malay Archipelago, now Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. 

Sir Richard Owen
 
Sir Richard Owen  
 

A heavyweight thinker and distinguished comparative anatomist, Sir Richard Owen was well-known for his strong views and regular clashes with colleagues. He used his immense skill to identify extinct creatures and was the first person to name and describe dinosaurs, he was also credited to describe in detail the dodo bird.